DO'S AND DON'TS OF EYE MEDICATION:-
Correct use of medication can dramatically increase the success rate
of treatment. Not taking medication or changing your regimen without
consulting your doctor can lead to ineffective treatment and in some
cases even visual loss. It is crucial to follow the medical routine
prescribed by one's physician.
Opening the eyedropper: Always make sure your hands are washed before
handling your eye drops. Your fingers must never touch the tip of the
eyedropper during opening and closing the dropper as this may contaminate
the eye drops.
It is important to tell your doctor of medications
that you are or have been allergic or had any side effects.
Make sure you know the name of the medication
and how often you need to take it.
drops at the same time reduces effectiveness. Wait 15 minutes between
Do not increase the number or amount of medication taken at one time
- " If some is good, more must be better" does not hold true.
If possible, keep eye drops in the refrigerator. When cold, it is easier
to tell if drops have gotten into the eye. Eye drops that require to
be kept cold may lose their potency if left outside. Always replace
the cap after using the drops.
Do not stop taking medication just because you have no obvious symptoms.
Take all prescribed doses at the prescribed time. Missed doses reduce
the effectiveness of treatment.
to take medications with you when you travel.
instilling the drops, check which eye they are meant for (e.g., left
eye instead of right eye) and check the label for the right drops, expiry
date or tampered seals. If the eye drops are milky, do not forget to
shake well before use. Don't use if they have been opened and kept for
more than 3 months.
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how to take eye drops properly - tilt the head back; pull the lower
lid down with the index finger; look up when putting in the drops. This
will stop you from blinking, and keep the medicine from draining out
of your eye too quickly. To prevent contaminating the eye dropper tip,
be careful not to let the tip touch your eye, eyelid, eyelashes or fingers;
do not blink repeatedly after instilling the eye drops; instead shut
the eyes gently and press one finger against the lower lid where it
meets your nose for at least 2 minutes - this slows down the absorption
of eye drops into the blood stream. Use a tissue to blot around the
eyes, but do not rub.
a medication schedule and lists of treatments of your doctors.
uncomfortable symptoms occur when using eye drops, discuss the problem
with your ophthalmologist. Do not ever consult a quack or indulge in
self medication it can be harmful..
eye drops such as steroids are extremely potent. Using them without
the knowledge of your eye doctor for a problem that seems similar to
an earlier problem is dangerous. Prolonged or indiscriminate use of
steroids can cause cataract and/or glaucoma, leading to decreased vision.
Listed are some risk factors for eye diseases:
increases the risk of cataract and macular degeneration
by more than 3 times
Alcohol - More than 1 alcoholic drink per
day can increase cataract risk.
Bright UV light / not using sunglasses -
increases the risk of cataract and macular degeneration.
Blood pressure and cholesterol -
the risk of macular degeneration.
Lack of protective eyewear -
risk of eye
injury and loss of sight.
TIMING OF EYE AND VISION SCREENING EXAMINATIONS
screening and eye examination are vital for the detection of conditions
that distort or suppress the normal visual image, which may lead to
inadequate school performance or, even worse, blindness in children.
Retinal abnormalities, cataracts, glaucoma, retinoblastoma [eye tumour],
eye muscle imbalances, and systemic disease with ocular manifestations
may all be identified by careful examination. Examination of the eyes
can be performed at any age, beginning in the newborn period, and should
be done at all well-baby clinics. Vision screening should be performed
for a child at the earliest age that is practical, because a small child
rarely complains that one eye is not seeing properly. Conditions that
interfere with vision are of extreme importance, because visual stimuli
are critical to the development of normal vision. Normal visual development
requires the brain to receive equally clear, focused images from both
eyes simultaneously for the visual pathways to develop properly.
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infants should be examined by 6 months of age to evaluate fixation preference,
ocular alignment, and the presence of any eye disease. These infants
should continue to be checked until 3 or 4 years of age. Formal vision
screening evaluations should begin at 3 years of age.
would like the parents' observations about "Does your child seem to
see well?" "Does your child hold objects unusually close to his or her
face when trying to focus?" "Do the eyes appear straight?" "Do the eyes
seem to cross?" It is important because parents' observations often
prove correct. Please offer correct family history regarding eye disorders
or early use of glasses.
examination would include an external inspection of the eyes, tests
for visual acuity on an age-appropriate basis, tests for ocular muscle
movement and eye muscle imbalances and ophthalmoscopic examination.
child should be comfortable and in good health at the time of the examination
and, if at all possible, should have some preparation for the testing
situation. Particularly for younger children, you may be required to
demonstrate the anticipated testing procedures. It is often convenient
for the younger child to sit on the parent's lap during the procedures.
who have eyeglasses generally should have their vision tested while
wearing the eyeglasses. Do not forget to bring the child's eyeglasses.
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Muscle imbalance testing
of ocular alignment in the preschool and early school-aged child is
of considerable importance. The development of ocular muscle imbalance
may occur at any age in children and may represent not only simple strabismus
[squint] but also serious ocular or neurological disease.
errors requiring the use of eyeglasses exist in nearly one-fifth of
children before the late teenage years. The most common clinically significant
refractive error is myopia (nearsightedness), usually seen in school-aged
children and correctable with eyeglasses. Hyperopia (farsightedness)
can cause problems in performing close work but usually does not necessitate
correction in children unless it is sufficient to cause crossed eyes
or reduced vision. Astigmatism (unequal curvature of the refractive
surfaces of the eye) necessitates corrective eyeglasses if it causes
significantly decreased vision or is of such severity to contribute
to the development of amblyopia (lazy eye). In addition, unequal amounts
of refractive error between the two eyes (anisometropia) also may lead
to amblyopia and may require a prescription for corrective eyeglasses.
The detection of amblyopia at an early age is an important aspect of
the routine eye examination in the pediatric population. Left undetected
and untreated, amblyopia may lead to irreversible visual deficit.
hope this information has been useful to you, and we look forward to
keeping in touch with you in the future. For further enquiries, doubts
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